1. EDITORIAL

    A Cidade Branca em Fevereiro vai passar a serie Ilustração PB e Arquitectura.

     





  2. The Congo River (in the past also known as the Zaire River) is a river in Africa and the world’s deepest river with measured depths in excess of 220 m (720 ft).[2] It is the third largest river in the world by volume of water discharged. Additionally, its overall length of 4,700 km (2,920 mi) makes it the ninth longest river.

    The Congo gets its name from the ancient Kingdom of Kongo which inhabited the lands at the mouth of the river. The Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Republic of the Congo, both countries lying along the river’s banks, are named after it. Between 1971 and 1997 the government of then-Zaire called it the Zaire River.

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  3. Brazzaville is the capital and largest city of the Republic of the Congo and is located on the Congo River. As of the 2007 census, it has a population of 1,373,382 in the city proper, and about 11 million in total when including the suburbs located in the Pool Region.[1] The populous city of Kinshasa (more than 10 million inhabitants in 2009),[2] capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, lies just across the Congo River from Brazzaville. Together with Kinshasa, the combined conurbation of Kinshasa-Brazzaville has thus nearly 12 million inhabitants (although significant political and infrastructure challenges prevent the two cities from functioning with any meaningful connection). Over a third of the population of the Republic of Congo lives in the capital, and it is home to 40% of non-agricultural employment. It is also a financial and administrative capital.

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  4. The city was founded as a trading post by Henry Morton Stanley in 1881 and named Léopoldville in honor of King Leopold II of Belgium, who controlled the vast territory that is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo, not as a colony but as a private property. The post flourished as the first navigable port on the Congo River above Livingstone Falls, a series of rapids over 300 kilometres (190 mi) below Leopoldville. At first, all goods arriving by sea or being sent by sea had to be carried by porters between Léopoldville and Matadi, the port below the rapids and 150 km (93 mi) from the coast. The completion of the Matadi-Kinshasa portage railway in 1898 provided a faster and more efficient alternative route around the rapids and sparked the rapid development of Léopoldville. By 1920, the city was elevated to capital of the Belgian Congo, replacing the town of Boma in the Congo estuary.

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  5. Kinshasa (formerly French Léopoldville, and Dutch Leopoldstad ) is the capital and the largest city of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The city is located on the Congo River.

    Once a site of fishing villages, Kinshasa is now an urban area with a population of 9 million inhabitants.[2] It faces the capital of the neighbouringRepublic of CongoBrazzaville, which can be seen in the distance across the wide Congo River. The city of Kinshasa is also one of the DRC’s 11 provinces. Because the administrative boundaries of the city-province cover a vast area, over 90% of the city-province’s land is rural in nature, and the urban area only occupies a small section in the far western end of the city-province.[1]

    Kinshasa is the second largest city in Africa after Cairo.[2] It is also the second largest “francophone" urban area in the world after Paris, French being the language of government, schools, newspapers, public services and high-end commerce in the city, while Lingala is used as a lingua franca in the street.[3] If current demographic trends continue, Kinshasa should surpass Paris in population around 2020.[4] Kinshasa hosted the 14th Francophonie Summit in October 2012.[5]

    Residents of Kinshasa are known as Kinois (in French and sometimes in English) or Kinshasans (English).

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  6. Luanda, formerly named São Paulo da Assunção de Loanda, is the capital and largest city of Angola, in Southern Africa. Located on Angola’s coast with the Atlantic Ocean, Luanda is both Angola’s chief seaport and its administrative center. It has a metropolitan population of over 5 million. It is also the capital city of Luanda Province, and the world’s third most populous Portuguese-speaking city, behind only São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, both in Brazil, and the most populous Portuguese-speaking capital in the world, ahead of BrasíliaMaputo and Lisbon.

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  7. Maputo, known as Lourenço Marques before independence, is the capital and largest city of Mozambique. It is known as the City of Acacias in reference to acacia trees commonly found along its avenues and the Pearl of the Indian Ocean. It was famous for the inscription “This is Portugal” on the walkway of its municipal building. Today, it is a port city on the Indian Ocean, with its economy centered around the harbour. According to the 2007 census, the population is 1,766,184.[1] Cottonsugarchromitesisalcopra, and hardwood are the chief exports. The city manufacturescementpotteryfurnitureshoes, and rubber. The city is surrounded by Maputo Province, but is administered as its own province.

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  8. The Island of Mozambique (PortugueseIlha de Moçambique) lies off northern Mozambique, between the Mozambique Channel and Mossuril Bay, and is part of Nampula Province. Prior to 1898, it was the capital of colonial Portuguese East Africa. With its rich history and sandy beaches, the Island of Mozambique is a UNESCO World Heritage site and one of Mozambique’s fastest growing tourist destinations. It has a permanent population of approximately 14,000 people and is served by nearby Lumbo Airport on the Nampula mainland.

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  9. Zanzibar is located in the Indian Ocean. It is in the East Africa Time zone (UTC +3) and does not use daylight saving time.

    The northern tip of Unguja island is located at 5.72 degrees south, 39.30 degrees east, with the southernmost point at 6.48 degrees south, 39.51 degrees east.[32] The island is separated from the Tanzanian mainland by a channel, which at its narrowest point is 36.5 kilometres (22.7 mi) across.[33]The island is about 85 kilometres (53 mi) long and 39 kilometres (24 mi) wide,[33] with an area of 1,464 km2 (565 sq mi).[34] Unguja is mainly low lying, with its highest point being 120 metres (390 ft).[34] Unguja is characterised by beautiful sandy beaches with fringing coral reefs.[34] The reefs are rich in marine biodiversity.[35]

    The northern tip of Pemba island is located at 4.87 degrees south, 39.68 degrees east, and the southernmost point is located at 5.47 degrees south, 39.72 degrees east.[32] The island is separated from the Tanzanian mainland by a channel some 56 kilometres (35 mi) wide.[33] The island is about 67 kilometres (42 mi) long and 23 kilometres (14 mi) wide, with an area of 985 km2 (380 sq mi).[33] Pemba is also mainly low lying, with its highest point being 95 metres (312 ft).[36]

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  10. Zanzibar (/ˈzænzɨbɑr/; from Arabicزنجبار‎ Zanjibār, from Persianزنگبار‎ Zangibār ”Coast of Blacks”; zangi [black-skinned] + bār [coast])[3][4] is asemi-autonomous part of Tanzania, in East Africa. It is composed of the Zanzibar Archipelago in the Indian Ocean, 25–50 kilometres (16–31 mi) off the coast of the mainland, and consists of numerous small islands and two large ones: Unguja (the main island, referred to informally as Zanzibar), and Pemba.

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  11. The largest island, also called Socotra, is about 95% of the landmass of the archipelago. It lies some 240 kilometres (150 mi) east of the Horn of Africa and 380 kilometres (240 mi) south of the Arabian Peninsula.[2] The island is very isolated and through the process of speciation, a third of its plant life is found nowhere else on the planet. It has been described as the most alien-looking place on Earth. The island measures 132 kilometres (82 mi) in length and 49.7 kilometres (30.9 mi) in width.[3]

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  12. Lisbon (/ˈlɪzbən/liz-bənPortugueseLisboaIPA: [liʒˈboɐ][1] or [liʒˈβoɐ]) is the capital city and largest city of Portugal with a population of 547,631 within its administrative limits[2] on a land area of 84.8 km2 (33 sq mi). The urban area of Lisbon extends beyond the administrative city limits with a population of over 3 million[3] on an area of 958 km2 (370 sq mi),[3] making it the 11th most populous urban area in the European Union. About 3,035,000[4][5] people live in the Lisbon Metropolitan Area (which represents approximately 27% of the population of the country). Lisbon is the westernmost large city located in Europe, as well as its westernmost capital city and the only one along the Atlantic coast. It lies in the western Iberian Peninsula on the Atlantic Ocean and the Tagus River.

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  13. Europeans first encountered Guanabara Bay on January 1, 1502 (hence Rio de Janeiro, “January River”), by a Portuguese expedition under explorerGaspar de Lemos captain of a ship in Pedro Álvares Cabral's fleet, or under Gonçalo Coelho.[36] Allegedly the Florentine explorer Amerigo Vespucciparticipated as observer at the invitation of King Manuel I in the same expedition. The region of Rio was inhabited by the Tupi, Puri, Botocudo and Maxakalí peoples.[37]

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  14. Rio de Janeiro, (/ˈr d ʒəˈnɛər/ or /ˈr dɪ əˈnɛər/Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈʁi.u dʒi ʒaˈnejɾu],[1] January River), commonly referred to simply as Rio,[2] is the capital city of the State of Rio de Janeiro, the second largest city of Brazil, and the third largest metropolitan areaand agglomeration in South America, boasting approximately 6.3 million people within the city proper,[3][4] making it the 6th largest in the Americas, and 26th in the world.[5] Part of the city has been designated as a World Heritage Site, named "Rio de Janeiro: Carioca Landscapes between the Mountain and the Sea", identified by UNESCO on 1 July 2012 in the category Cultural Landscape.[6]

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  15. Ipanema (Portuguese pronunciation: [ipaˈnẽmɐ]) is a neighborhood located in the southern region of the city of Rio de JaneiroBrazil, between Leblon andArpoador. The beach at Ipanema became widely known by the song “The Girl from Ipanema" ("Garota de Ipanema”), written by Antônio Carlos Jobimand Vinícius de Moraes.

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