1. Le Corbusier

    Le Corbusier

    Villa Fallet La Chaux-de-Fonds
    Villa Stotzer 6, Chemin de Pouillerel La Chaux-de-Fonds
    Villa Jeanneret-Perret La Chaux-de-Fonds
    Villa Schwob La Chaux-de-Fonds
    Villa Besnus (Ker-Ka-Ré) Paris
    Ozenfant House and Studio Paris
    Villa Le Lac Corseaux
    Villa La Roche Paris
    Villa Jeanneret Paris
    Pavillon de L’Esprit Nouveau Paris
    Quartiers Modernes Frugès Pessac
    Planeix House 24 bis, Boulevard Masséna, Paris
    Villa Cook Boulogne-sur-Seine
    Villa Ternisien 5, Allee des Pins, Boulogne-sur-Seine, Paris
    Villa Stein Garches, Paris
    Villas at Weissenhof Estate Stuttgart
    Villa Savoye Poissy-sur-Seine, France
    Tsentrosoyuz Moscow
    Cité du Refuge of the Armée du Salut Paris
    Pavillon Suisse Cité Universitaire, Paris
    Maison Errazuriz Chile
    Immeuble Clarté Geneva
    Immeuble Molitor Paris
    Palace of the Soviets Moscow
    Palace of Ministry of National Education and Public Health Rio de Janeiro
    Usine Claude et Duval Saint-Dié-des-Vosges
    Unité d’Habitation Marseille
    Curutchet House La Plata
    United Nations headquarters New York City
    Chapelle Notre Dame du Haut Ronchamp
    Cabanon de vacances Roquebrune-Cap-Martin
    Maisons Jaoul Neuilly-sur-Seine
    Mill Owners’ Association Building Ahmedabad
    Villa Sarabhai Ahmedabad
    Villa Shodhan Ahmedabad
    Sanskar Kendra Museum Ahmedabad
    Palace of Justice Chandigarh
    Museum and Art Gallery Chandigarh
    Secretariat Building Chandigarh
    Governor’s Palace Chandigarh
    Palace of Assembly Chandigarh
    Baghdad Gymnasium Baghdad
    Unité d’Habitation of Nantes-Rezé Nantes
    Unité d’Habitation of Briey en Forêt Briey en Forêt
    National Museum of Western Art Tokyo
    Maison du Brésil Cité Universitaire, Paris
    Unité d’Habitation of Berlin Charlottenburg, Flatowallee 16, Berlin
    Unité d’Habitation of Meaux Meaux
    Philips Pavilion at the 1958 World Expositon Brussels
    Government College of Art (GCA) and theChandigarh College of Architecture(CCA) Chandigarh
    Sainte Marie de La Tourette near Lyon
    Center for Electronic Calculus, Olivetti Milan
    Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts Harvard University,Cambridge, Massachusetts
    Unité d’Habitation of Firminy Firminy
    Stadium Firminy-Vert Firminy
    Maison de la culture de Firminy-Vert Firminy
    Heidi Weber Museum Zurich
    Church of Saint-Pierre, Firminy Firminy


    Le Corbusier had a great influence on architects and urbanists all the world. In the United States, Shadrach Woods; in Spain, Francisco Javier Sáenz de Oiza; in Brazil, Oscar Niemeyer; In MexicoMario Pani Darqui; in ChileRoberto Matta; in ArgentinaAntoni Bonet i Castellana (a Catalan exile), Juan KurchanJorge Ferrari HardoyAmancio Williams, and Clorindo Testa in his first era; in Uruguay, the professors Justino Serralta and Carlos Gómez Gavazzo; in ColombiaGermán Samper GneccoRogelio Salmona, and Dicken Castro; in PeruAbel Hurtado and José Carlos Ortecho.


  2. Louis Kahn

    Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Connecticut (1951–1953), the first significant commission of Louis Kahn and his first masterpiece, replete with technical innovations. For example, he designed a hollow concrete tetrahedral space-frame that did away with the need for ductwork and reduced the floor-to-floor height by channeling air through the structure itself. Like many of Kahn’s buildings, the Art Gallery makes subtle references to its context while overtly rejecting any historical style.
    Richards Medical Research Laboratories, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (1957–1965), a breakthrough in Kahn’s career that helped set new directions for modern architecture with its clear expression of served and servant spaces and its evocation of the architecture of the past.
    The Salk Institute, La Jolla, California (1959–1965) was to be a campus composed of three main clusters: meeting and conference areas, living quarters, and laboratories. Only the laboratory cluster, consisting of two parallel blocks enclosing a water garden, was built. The two laboratory blocks frame a long view of the Pacific Ocean, accentuated by a thin linear fountain that seems to reach for the horizon.
    First Unitarian Church, Rochester, New York (1959–1969), named as one of the greatest religious structures of the 20th century by Paul Goldberger, the Pulitzer Prize-winning architectural critic.[20] Tall, narrow window recesses create an irregular rhythm of shadows on the exterior while four light towers flood the sanctuary walls with indirect natural light.
    Jatiyo Sangshad Bhaban (National Assembly Building) in Dhaka, Bangladesh (1962–1974)
    Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College and Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, in Ahmedabad, India (1962).
    National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases (NICVD), Dhaka, Bangladesh (1963)[citation needed]
    Phillips Exeter Academy Library, Exeter, New Hampshire (1965–1972), awarded the Twenty-five Year Award by the American Institute of Architects in 1997. It is famous for its dramatic atrium with enormous circular openings into the book stacks.
    Kimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth, Texas (1967–1972), features repeated bays of cycloid-shaped barrel vaults with light slits along the apex, which bathe the artwork on display in an ever-changing diffuse light.
    Hurva Synagogue, Jerusalem, Israel, (1968-1974). Unbuilt
    Yale Center for British Art, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut (1969–1974).
    Franklin D. Roosevelt Four Freedoms Park, Roosevelt Island, New York (1972–1974). Construction completed 2012.
    Coffered ceiling in Yale University Art Gallery (1951–53).
    Reconstructed model (2008) of Trenton Bath House, Ewing, New Jersey (1954).
    Wharton Esherick Studio, 1520 Horseshoe Trail, Malvern, Pennsylvania (1956). Designed with Wharton Esherick.
    Richards Medical Research Laboratories, University of Pennsylvania, 3700 Hamilton Walk, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (1957–65).
    Interior of First Unitarian Church, Rochester, New York (1959)
    Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, India (1962).
    Yale Center for British Art, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut (1969–74).

    1935 – Jersey Homesteads Cooperative Development, Hightstown, New Jersey
    1940 – Jesse Oser House, 628 Stetson Road, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania
    1947 – Phillip Q. Roche House, 2101 Harts Lane, Conshohocken, Pennsylvania
    1951 – Yale University Art Gallery, 1111 Chapel Street, New Haven, Connecticut
    1952 – City Tower Project, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (unbuilt)
    1954 – Jewish Community Center (aka Trenton Bath House), 999 Lower Ferry Road, Ewing, New Jersey
    1956 – Wharton Esherick Studio, 1520 Horseshoe Trail, Malvern, Pennsylvania (designed with Wharton Esherick)
    1957 – Richards Medical Research Laboratories, University of Pennsylvania, 3700 Hamilton Walk, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
    1957 – Fred E. and Elaine Cox Clever House, 417 Sherry Way, Cherry Hill, New Jersey
    1959 – Margaret Esherick House, 204 Sunrise Lane, Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania[21]
    1958 – Tribune Review Publishing Company Building, 622 Cabin Hill Drive, Greensburg, Pennsylvania
    1959 – Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California
    1959 – First Unitarian Church, 220 South Winton Road, Rochester, New York
    1960 – Erdman Hall Dormitories, Bryn Mawr College, Morris Avenue, Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania
    1960 – Norman Fisher House, 197 East Mill Road, Hatboro, Pennsylvania
    1961 – Point Counterpoint II, barge used by the American Wind Symphony Orchestra
    1962 – Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, India
    1962 – Jatiyo Sangshad Bhaban, the National Assembly Building of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    1963 – President’s Estate, Islamabad, Pakistan (unbuilt)
    1965 – Phillips Exeter Academy Library, Front Street, Exeter, New Hampshire
    1966 – Kimbell Art Museum, 3333 Camp Bowie Boulevard, Fort Worth, Texas
    1966 – Olivetti-Underwood Factory, Valley Road, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
    1968 – Hurva Synagogue, Jerusalem, Israel (unbuilt)
    1969 – Yale Center for British Art, Yale University, 1080 Chapel Street, New Haven, Connecticut
    1971 – Steven Korman House, Sheaff Lane, Fort Washington, Pennsylvania
    1973 – The Arts United Center (Formerly known as the Fine Arts Foundation Civic Center), Fort Wayne, Indiana[22]
    1974 – Franklin D. Roosevelt Four Freedoms Park, Roosevelt Island, New York City, New York. Completed 2012.[23]
    1979 – Flora Lamson Hewlett Library of the Graduate Theological Union, Berkeley, California[24]


    Louis Kahn’s work infused the International style with a fastidious, highly personal taste, a poetry of light. His few projects reflect his deep personal involvement with each. Isamu Noguchi called him “a philosopher among architects.” He was known for his ability to create monumental architecture that responded to the human scale. He was also concerned with creating strong formal distinctions between served spaces and servant spaces. What he meant by servant spaces was not spaces for servants, but rather spaces that serve other spaces, such as stairwells, corridors, restrooms, or any other back-of-house function like storage space or mechanical rooms. His palette of materials tended toward heavily textured brick and bare concrete, the textures often reinforced by juxtaposition to highly refined surfaces such as travertine marble.

    While widely known for his spaces’ poetic sensibilities, Kahn also worked closely with engineers and contractors on his buildings. The results were often technically innovative and highly refined. In addition to the influence Kahn’s more well-known work has on contemporary architects (such as Muzharul Islam, Tadao Ando), some of his work (especially the unbuilt City Tower Project) became very influential among the high-tech architects of the late 20th century (such as Renzo Piano, who worked in Kahn’s office, Richard Rogers and Norman Foster). His prominent apprentices include Muzharul Islam, Moshe Safdie, Robert Venturi, Jack Diamond, and Charles Dagit.



  3. Bauhaus & Architecture

    1. Walter Gropius 

      1910–1911 the Fagus Factory, Alfeld an der Leine, Germany
      1914 Office and Factory Buildings at the Werkbund Exhibition, 1914, Cologne, Germany
      1921 Sommerfeld House, Berlin, Germany designed for
      1922 competition entry for the Chicago Tribune Tower competition
      1925–1932 Bauhaus School and Faculty, Housin, Dessau, Germany
      1936 Village College, Impington, Cambridge, England
      1936 66 Old Church Street, Chelsea, London, England
      1937 The Gropius House, Lincoln, Massachusetts, USA
      1939 Waldenmark, Wrightstown Township, Pennsylvania (with Marcel Breuer)
      1942–1944 Aluminum City Terrace housing project, New Kensington, Pennsylvania, USA
      1949–1950 Harvard Graduate Center, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA (The Architects’ Collaborative)[25]
      1945–1959 Michael Reese Hospital, Chicago, Illinois, USA – Master planned 37-acre (150,000 m2) site and led the design for at least 8 of the approx. 28 buildings.[citation needed]
      1957–1960 University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
      1963–1966 John F. Kennedy Federal Office Building, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
      1948 Peter Thacher Junior High School,
      1957–1959 Dr. and Mrs. Carl Murchison House, Provincetown, Massachusetts, USA (The Architects’ Collaborative)
      1958–1963 Pan Am Building (now the Metlife Building), New York, with Pietro Belluschi and project architects Emery Roth & Sons
      1957 Interbau Apartment blocks, Hansaviertel, Berlin, Germany, with The Architects’ Collaborative and Wils Ebert
      1960 Temple Oheb Shalom (Baltimore, Maryland)
      1960 the Gropiusstadt building complex, Berlin, Germany
      1961 The award-winning Wayland High School, Wayland, Massachusetts, USA (demolished 2012)
      1959–1961 Embassy of the United States, Athens, Greece (The Architects’ Collaborative and consulting architect Pericles A. Sakellarios)
      1968 Glass Cathedral, Thomas Glassworks, Amberg
      1967–1969 Tower East, Shaker Heights, Ohio, this was Gropius’ last major project.
      1973-1980 Porto Carras, at Chalkidiki, Greece, was built posthumously from Gropius designs, it is one of the largest holiday resorts in Europe.

    2. Mies Van Der Rohe 

      1907 Riehl House – Residential Home, Potsdam, Germany
      1911 Perl House – Residential Home, Zehlendorf
      1913 Werner House – Residential Home, Zehlendorf
      1917 Urbig House – Residential Home, Potsdam
      1922 Kempner House – Residential Home, Charlottenburg
      1922 Eichstaedt House – Residential Home, Wannsee
      1922 Feldmann House – Residential Home, Wilmersdorf
      1923 Ryder House - Residential Home, Wiesbaden
      1926 Mosler House – Residential Home, Babelsberg
      1927 Afrikanische Straße Apartments – Multi-Family Residential, Berlin, Germany
      1927 Weissenhof Estate – Housing Exhibition coordinated by Mies and with a contribution by him, Stuttgart
      1928 Haus Lange and Haus Esters – Residential Home and an art museum, Krefeld
      1929 Barcelona Pavilion – World’s Fair Pavilion, Barcelona, Spain
      1930 Villa Tugendhat – Residential Home, Brno, Czech Republic, designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2001
      1930 Verseidag Factory –Dyeing and HE Silk Mill Building Krefeld, Germany[13]
      1932 Lemke House – Residential Home, Weissensee
      Buildings after emigration to the United States (1939-1960)
      1939-1958 – Illinois Institute of Technology Campus Master Plan, Academic Campus & Buildings, Chicago, Illinois
      1949 The Promontory Apartments – Residential Apartment Complex, Chicago, Illinois
      1951 Sheridan-Oakdale Apartments (2933 N Sheridan Rd ) – Residential Apartment Complex, Chicago, Illinois
      1951 Lake Shore Drive Apartments – Residential Apartment Towers, Chicago
      1951 Algonquin Apartments – Residential Apartments, Chicago, Illinois
      1951 Farnsworth House – Vacation Home, Plano, Illinois
      1952 Arts Club of Chicago Interior Renovation – Art Gallery, demolished in 1997, Chicago, Illinois
      1952 Robert H. McCormick House - Residential Home, relocated to the Elmhurst Art Museum, Elmhurst, Illinois
      1954 Cullinan Hall – Museum of Fine Arts, Houston
      1956 Crown Hall, Illinois Institute of Technology College of Architecture– Academic Building, Chicago, Illinois[14]
      1956 Esplanade Apartment Buildings (900-910 Lake Shore Dr) – Residential Apartment Complex, Chicago, Illinois
      1957 Commonwealth Promenade Apartments (330- 330 W Diversey Parkway) – Residential Apartment Complex, Chicago (1957)[15]
      1958 Seagram Building – Office Tower, New York City, New York
      1958 Caroline Weiss Law Building, Museum of Fine Art, Houston
      1959 Home Federal Savings and Loan Association Building– Office Building, Des Moines, Iowa
      1959 Lafayette Park – Residential Development, Detroit, Michigan.[16]
      1960 Pavilion and Colonnade Apartments– Residential complex, Newark, New Jersey
      Late career Worldwide (1961–69)
      1961 Bacardi Office Building – Office Building, Mexico City
      1962 Highfield House Apartments – Office Building, Baltimore, Maryland
      1962 Tourelle-Sur-Rive – Residential apartment complex of three towers, Nuns’ Island, Montreal, Canada
      1962 One Charles Center – Office Tower, Baltimore, Maryland
      1963 2400 North Lakeview Apartments – Residential Apartment Complex, Chicago, Illinois
      1963 Morris Greenwald House – Vacation Home, Weston, Connecticut
      1964 Chicago Federal Center - Civic Complex, Chicago, Illinois
      1960-64 Dirksen Federal Building – Office Tower, Chicago
      Kluczynski Federal Building – Office Tower, Chicago
      United States Post Office Loop Station – General Post Office, Chicago
      1964 Highfield House Condominium, 4000 North Charles – Condominium Apartments, Baltimore, Maryland
      1965 University of Chicago School of Social Service Administration – Academic Building Chicago, Illinois
      1965 Richard King Mellon Hall – Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA
      1965 Meredith Hall – College of Journalism and Mass Communication, Drake University, Des Moines, IA
      1967 Westmount Square – Office & Residential Tower Complex, Westmount, Montreal, Canada
      1968 Neue Nationalgalerie – Modern Art Museum, Berlin, Germany
      1965-68 Brown Pavilion, Museum of Fine Art, Houston
      1967-69 Toronto-Dominion Centre – Office Tower Complex, Toronto, Canada
      1969 Filling station – Nuns’ Island, Montreal, Canada (closed)
      1970 One Illinois Center – Office Tower, Chicago, Illinois (completed post-mortem)
      1972 Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial Library – District of Columbia Public Library, Washington, D.C. (completed post-mortem)
      1973 American Life Building – Louisville, Kentucky (completed after Mies’s death by Bruno Conterato)
      1973 IBM Plaza – Office Tower, Chicago (completed post-mortem)
      Buildings on the Illinois Institute of Technology Campus (1939-1958)
      1943 Minerals & Metals Research Building – Research[14]
      1945 Engineering Research Building – Research[14]
      1946 Alumni Memorial Hall – Classroom[14]
      1946 Wishnick Hall – Classroom[14]
      1946 Perlstein Hall – Classroom[14]
      1950 I.I.T. Boiler Plant – Academic[14]
      1950 Institute of Gas Technology Building – Research[14]
      1950 American Association of Railroads Administration Building (now the College of Music Building) – Administration[14]
      1952 Mechanical Engineering Research Building I – Research[14]
      1952 Carr Memorial Chapel – Religious[14]
      1953 American Association of Railroads Mechanical Engineering Building – Research[14][14]
      1953 Carmen Hall – Dormitory[14]
      1955 Cunningham Hall – Dormitory[14]
      1955 Bailey Hall – Dormitory[14]
      1955 I.I.T. Commons Building – Academicname=”autogenerated2002”/>
      1956 Crown Hall – Academic, College of Architecture[14]
      1957 Physics & Electrical Engineering Research Building – Research[14]
      1957 Siegel Hall – Classroom[14]
      1953 American Association of Railroads Laboratory Building – Research[14]
      1958 Metals Technology Building Extension – Research[14]

    3. Marcel Breuer 

      Private residential buildings (U.S.)[edit]
      Hagerty House, Cohasset, Massachusetts, 1937–1938
      Breuer House I, Lincoln, Massachusetts, 1938–1939
      J. Ford House, Lincoln, Massachusetts, 1939
      Waldenmark, Wrightstown Township, Pennsylvania (with Walter Gropius), 1939, 1948
      Chamberlain Cottage, Wayland, Massachusetts, 1940
      Geller House, Lawrence, Long Island, New York, 1945
      Tompkins House. Hewlett Harbor, New York, 1945
      Robinson House, Williamstown, Massachusetts, 1946–1948http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Special:UserLogin&returnto=Marcel_Breuer
      Breuer House I, New Canaan, Connecticut, 1947–1948
      Breuer House II, New Canaan, Connecticut, 1951–1952
      Neumann House, Croton on Hudson, New York, 1953
      Robinson House. Williamstown, Massachusetts, 1947
      Kniffin House, New Canaan, Connecticut, 1949 (w/ Eliot Noyes)(destroyed)
      Cape Cod Cottages 1945-1963
      Breuer Cottage, Wellfleet, Massachusetts, 1945–1949–1961
      Kepes Cottage, Wellfleet, Massachusetts, 1948–1949
      Lauck House, Princeton, New Jersey, 1950
      Edgar Stillman Cottage, Wellfleet, Massachusetts, 1953–1954
      Wise Cottage, Wellfleet, Massachusetts, 1963
      Clark House. Orange, Connecticut, 1949
      Marshad House, Croton-on-Hudson, New York, 1949
      Wolfson House. Pleasant Valley, New York, 1949
      Stillman House I, Litchfield, Connecticut, 1950
      Exhibition House in the MoMA Garden, Kykuit, Pocantico Hills, Tarrytown, New York, 1948–1949
      Pack House, Scarsdale, New York, 1950–1951
      Hanson House. Huntington, Long Island, New York, 1951
      Breuer House III. New Canaan, Connecticut, 1951
      Caesar Cottage. Lakeville, Connecticut, 1952
      Gagarin House 1, Litchfield, Connecticut, 1955
      Grieco House, Andover, Massachusetts, 1954–1955
      Starkey House, Duluth, Minnesota, 1954–1955
      Hooper House II, Baltimore County, Maryland. 1956–1959
      Laaff House. Andover, Massachusetts, 1957 (with H. Beckhard)
      Seymour Krieger House, Bethesda, Maryland, 1958
      Stachelin House. Feldmeilen, Switzerland, 1958 (with H. Beckhard)
      Stillman II, Litchfield, Connecticut, 1966
      Soriano House. Greenwich, Connecticut, 1969 (with T. Papachristou)
      Stillman III, Litchfield, Connecticut, 1973–74
      Gagarin House II, Litchfield CT, 1974
      Stillman Roman Cottage, Litchfield, Connecticut, 1974 (Breuer Wellfleet Cottage plans; Built by Rufus Stillman)
      Private residential buildings (Abroad)[edit]
      Villa Sayer, Haras de la Huderie, Normandy France, 1962
      Public / commercial buildings[edit]
      Several original buildings at the University of Mary in Bismarck, North Dakota
      Gane Pavilion, Bristol, 1936
      Pennsylvania Pavilion, 1939 New York World’s Fair, 1939
      Aluminum City Terrace housing project, New Kensington, Pennsylvania. 1942–1944
      Ariston Club, Mar del Plata, Argentina with Eduardo Catalano, and Francisco Coire. 1948.[2]

      St. John’s Abbey Church at the campus of Saint John’s University, 1961

      Pirelli Tire Building, 1969. Large portion was demolished for an IKEA parking lot in 2003.

      Atlanta central library, 1980
      Dexter Ferry Cooperative House of Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, New York. 1951
      UNESCO headquarters, Paris, France. 1953 (with Pier Luigi Nervi and Bernard Zehrfuss).
      De Bijenkorf department store, Rotterdam, Netherlands 1955-1957.
      various buildings at the St. John’s University in Collegeville, Minnesota 1959-1975:[3]
      Saint Thomas Hall. 1959
      Saint John’s Abbey Church. 1961[4]
      Alcuin Library. 1964
      Peter Engel Science Center. 1965
      Saints Bernard, Patrick, and Boniface Halls. 1967
      Institute for Ecumenical and Cultural Research. 1968
      Bush Center. 1975
      United States Embassy, The Hague, Netherlands. 1958
      Multiple buildings University at Buffalo North Campus.
      Furnas Hall. 1977
      Bell Hall. 1974
      City University of New York, Herbert H. Lehman College, Fine Arts Building
      various buildings at New York University (now Bronx Community College) University Heights Campus, Bronx, New York:
      Begrisch (Lecture) Hall. 1961 [5]
      Gould Hall of Technology (now Polowczek Hall). 1964
      Colston (Residence) Hall, originally Silver Hall, 1957–61
      Tech I & II (now Meister Hall)
      Campus Center and Garage, University of Massachusetts Amherst. 1965/69
      The Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. 1966
      Armstrong Rubber/Pirelli Tire Building (partly demolished for an IKEA parking lot),[6][7] Long Wharf, New Haven, Connecticut. 1969
      Flaine, France. (the entire ski resort town, population 6000), completed 1969
      Becton Engineering and Applied Science Center, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut. 1970
      AT Tower, Cleveland, Ohio, 1971
      Cleveland Museum of Art North Building expansion, Cleveland, Ohio, 1971
      Bryn Mawr School Lower School complex, Baltimore, Maryland. 1972
      Australian Embassy in Paris (consulting architect). 1973
      Boca Corporate Center & Campus (formerly the IBM Complex, Blue Lake, and T-REX Corporate Center), University Park, Florida (later annexed by Boca Raton), 1968–1974
      American Press Institute, Reston, Virginia, 1974
      IBM Research Center, La Gaude, France, 1961–1979
      Strom Thurmond Federal Building and United States Courthouse, Columbia, South Carolina, 1975-1979
      The Central Library of the Atlanta-Fulton Public Library System in Atlanta, Georgia, 1980.
      Broward County Main Library. Ft. Lauderdale, Florida. 1984.
      Robert C. Weaver Federal Building (U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development headquarters), Washington, D.C.
      Hubert H. Humphrey Building (US Department of Health and Human Services), Washington, D.C.
      Litchfield High School, Litchfield, Conn.
      St. Francis de Sales Parish - Muskegon, Michigan [1]

      St. Francis De Sales Catholic Church, Muskegon, MI 1966
      Grosse Pointe Public Library, Central Branch, Grosse Pointe Farms, Michigan
      Clarksburg-Harrison County Public Library, Clarksburg, West Virginia
      Wohnbedarf Furniture Store, Zurich.
      Doldertal Houses (apartment blocks), Zurich.

    4. Hannes Meyer
    5. Anni Albers
    6. Josef Albers
    7. Lyonel Feininger
    8. Johannes Itten
    9. Wassily Kandinsky
    10. Paul Klee
    11. Gerhard Marks
    12. László Moholy-Nagy
    13. Georg Muche
    14. Hinnerk Scheper
    15. Oskar Schlemmer
    16. Joost Schmidt
    17. Lothar Schreyer
    18. Gunda Stölzl
    19. Marianne Brandt
    20. Dietmar Starke
    21. Omar Akbar
    22. Anni Albers
    23. Josef Albers
    24. Herbert Bayer
    25. Max Bill
    26. Marianne Brandt
    27. Marcel Breuer
    28. Avgust Černigoj
    29. Christian Dell
    30. Werner Drewes
    31. Lyonel Feininger
    32. Naum Gabo
    33. Ludwig Hilberseimer
    34. Ludwig Hirschfeld Mack
    35. Johannes Itten
    36. Wassily Kandinsky
    37. Paul Klee
    38. Otto Lindig
    39. Gerhard Marcks
    40. László Moholy-Nagy
    41. Piet Mondrian
    42. Oskar Schlemmer
    43. Lothar Schreyer
    44. Joost Schmidt
    45. Naum Slutzky
    46. Gunta Stölzl

  4. Editorial “A Cidade Branca”

    Acabou a Serie de Arquitectura Clássica. Em Agosto vai ser o mês da Bauhaus. 


  5. abalaperdida:


    Mimesis Museum / Álvaro Siza


  6. sixtensason:

    Just a picture I’m missing in the thesis ‘Autonomie in architectuur’, work in progress of a student of mine, that I’m just reviewing.

    Serlio’s model of church façade of 1537 crystallized a format that lasted into the 18th century.

    source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sebastiano_Serlio



  8. a-mon-seul-desir:

    IMG_1570 by Darren and Brad on Flickr.

    Scuola Grande di San Marco—Pietro Lombardo and Mauro Codussi, Venice, 1485-1495.


  9. design-is-fine:

    Josef Hoffmann, Klose-Hof, Volkswohnhaus, 1924-25. Vienna. Photo: Julius Scherb. Landesmuseum Oldenburg.

    (via dulcisdomus)


  10. carleenallen:

    Templars fountain, the Convent of Christ in Tomar, Portugal


  11. (Source: shamikmusic)


  12. João Cortesão é novo nestas andanças. É um dos 12 funcionários da Casa da Música que assume a condução das visitas guiadas ao edifício, mas só chegou à equipa há apenas um mês. Mas logo se percebe que está talhado para isto quase desde que nasceu: começou novo a tocar instrumentos, e concluiu o quinta ano do conservatório de Música no Porto, em piano. Percebe bem a importância da acústica numa sala, e de como é simpático poder ouvir o som que sai de um clarinete que estamos a tocar, quando temos um timbale a ressoar logo atrás de nós. E é, também, arquitecto há sete anos, pelo que sabe explicar muito bem os desafios que o holandês Rem Koolhas provocou, e resolveu, no edifício que agora é o ex-libris da Rotunda da Boavista.

    O gosto e a curiosidade pela música e pela arquitectura serão os dois pilares principais de quem se mobiliza para conhecer, por dentro, a Casa da Música. E são muitos. Durante o ano de 2013, o número de participantes em visitas guiadas chegou quase aos 40 mil. Retirando as visitas privadas e institucionais e o publico escolar (que fez 565 visitas), o publico geral somou 23.806 participantes, que se diustribuiram por 1607 visitas. O que dá uma média de 15 participantes por visita guiada. Durante o mês de Agosto há seis visitas guiadas por dia: quatro em português, e duas em inglês.

    Numa das visitas que João Cortesão conduziu esta semana - e que o P3 acompanhou - estavam 20, entre ingleses, alemães, holandeses, franceses e catalães. Não eram todos músicos, claro, mas percebiam todos o inglês falado do João. E entre eles havia cinco arquitectos. Que são, quase sempre, os que fazem mais perguntas. Apesar de não serem esses que largam os “wows” de espanto quando olham para 32 metros de altura do átrio principal, ou ouvem a explicação de que a gigantesca parede de betão cumpres a dupla função de ser um elemento estrutural e a fachada do edifício. O primeiro “wow” que ouvimos veio de uma família a falar francês.

    A visita nunca foi, porém, demasiado técnica - apesar de João se esforçar por responder a cada uma das muitas perguntas que iam surgindo dos participantes : “Qual é a espessura deste vidro?”, “Nunca tiveram de substituir um destes painéis ondulados?”, “Quem é que assinou o projeto de acústica da Casa da Música?”. A visita foi, antes, lúdica: João conseguiu-nos por a fazer música na Sala Laranja, onde está instalado e Sound Space, parte integrante dos Hot Spots da Casa da Música. E foi, muitas vezes, surpreendente: mesmo para quem, como nós, já perdeu a conta ao número de vezes que entrou na Casa da Música para assistir a concertos na Sala Suggia e na Sala 2, para participar num Clubbing (e beber um copo no bar suspenso) até para participar com os filhos num workshop do serviço educativo muitas vezes ministrados em salas de ensaio, descobre um recanto que desconhecia. por exemplo, o que estava para ser uma sala técnica e se convretu no terraço VIP, e, mais recentemente, é o local onde está instalado o Gamelão (Instrumento tradicional indonésio) comprado pela Casa da Música.

    Numa visita guiada de pouco mais de uma hora, ficamos a conhecer toda a história da Casa da Música. Desde 1998, altura em que surgiu a notícia da realização no Porto da Capital Europeia da Cultura três anos depois, até ao lançamento do concurso de arquitectura, ao qual apareceram 27 projetos, dos quais 20 ficaram pelo caminho, e do porquê ter ganho o projeto de Koolhas. E percebemos a importância do conceito de democratização que o arquitecto holandês defendeu até ao limite - desenhando uma sala principal (a sala Suggia) com muita luz natural, e acessível ao contacto visual a partir de outras cinco salas do edifício.

    Na visita que o P3 acompanhou - cada guia conduzirá a visita de uma maneira diferente - sobraram as questões relacionadas com a acústica e a surpresa de estarmos a visitar a sala com a segunda melhor acústica do mundo. Arthur Lewis, um britânico licenciado em engenharia acústica confirma as muitas surpresas. “Não sei se é mesmo a segunda melhor do mundo, como disse o João, a terceira, ou a quarta!Sei que queria, muito, poder assitir a um concerto naquela sala”, afirmou. Mas estava no Porto de passagem, e não havia nada agendado na Sala Suggia nos dois dias em que ainda iria andar pela cidade. “Os voos desde Londres são baratos. Hei-de voltar”, prometeu.


  13. O arquitecto Álvaro Siza anunciou esta quarta-feira, 23 de Julho, a decisão relativa ao seu acervo, tendo optado por doar uma parte a duas instituições portuguesas, as fundações Gulbenkian e de Serralves, e outra ao Centro Canadiano de Arquitectura, em Montreal.

    “É meu desejo que o trabalho de tantos anos seja de algum modo útil, como contribuição para o estudo e debate sobre a arquitectura, particularmente em Portugal, numa perspectiva oposta ao isolamento (como já hoje sucede e é imprescindível)”, pode ler-se num comunicado enviado à agência Lusa.

    De acordo com o arquitecto do Pavilhão de Portugal, a opção passou por doar parte “a duas instituições portuguesas, já com experiência, qualidade e capacidade para desenvolver ou alargar os respectivos arquivos (Fundação Gulbenkian e Fundação de Serralves), numa perspectiva de abertura à consulta, divulgação e participação num debate que já não é simplesmente nacional, nem centrado no individual”.

    Álvaro Siza decidiu doar outra parte do seu arquivo ao Centro Canadiano de Arquitectura (CCA) em Montreal, “instituição de experiência e prestígio ímpares e com intensa e contínua actividade”, que é “reconhecida pela sua experiência na preservação e apresentação de arquivos internacionais”, diz o arquitecto.

    No comunicado, o prémio Pritzker 1992 explica ainda que o CCA vai tratar de “uma grande parte” do arquivo, que “estará acessível, em conjunto com o trabalho de outros arquitectos modernos e contemporâneos”. O centro canadiano é uma das mais prestigiadas instituições mundiais da arquitectura, e possui já no seu museu e centro de documentação espólios e acervos de outros arquitectos de renome, como Aldo Rossi, Peter Eisenman ou James Stirling.

    “Conforme conversações já efectuadas, o CCA estará disponível para colaborar com a Fundação Gulbenkian e a Fundação de Serralves na catalogação consistente do material e na partilha da pesquisa e programação relacionadas”, acrescenta Siza.

    Na noite de quarta-feira, o secretário de Estado da Cultura, Jorge Barreto Xavier, congratulou-se “com a decisão do arquitecto”, adiantando em comunicado enviado às redacções “que esta é uma solução que serve os interesses nacionais e garante, ao mesmo tempo, a promoção internacional da obra do mais importante arquitecto português da sua geração”.

    De acordo com o arquitecto nascido em Matosinhos em 1933, o vereador da Cultura da Câmara do Porto, Paulo Cunha e Silva, manifestou-lhe a intenção de instalar uma galeria de exposições sobre a arquitectura da cidade, constituída em particular por maquetas. “Comuniquei-lhe o meu apoio a esse propósito, considerando a relevância do projecto para pública informação e debate sobre a arquitectura”, enfatizou Siza.

    O arquitecto do Museu de Serralves explica ainda, na sua nota, que nos últimos anos sentiu a necessidade de organizar o arquivo do seu trabalho, procurando “uma solução que considerasse fundamentada”, tendo verificado “existir um interesse evidente por parte de pessoas e instituições”.

    “Desenhos e maquetes do meu arquivo encontram-se já, alguns desde há anos, em Paris (Beaubourg), em Nova Iorque (MoMA) e em Londres (Niall Hobhouse Collection), nos respectivos arquivos de arquitectura”, recorda ainda Siza.

    A notícia de que o arquitecto estava a “negociar” a transferência do seu arquivo com esta instituição canadiana, e também com outras instituições portuguesas, surgida na semana passada, motivou apreensão nos meios nacionais da arquitectura. Se havia consenso quanto ao direito que o arquitecto do Museu de Serralves tinha de dispor, como bem entendesse, dos testemunhos do seu trabalho, havia também a preocupação de que o seu arquivo saísse de Portugal. Siza parece ter optado por contentar todos, escolhendo, entre nós, depositar partes do seu acervo em Serralves (Porto) e na Gulbenkian (Lisboa), mas também fazendo-o representar também no CCA, naquela que é uma das grandes instituições internacionais no campo da arquitectura.


  14. entrancefree:

    National Museum of Roman Art, Mèrida, Spain

    arch. Rafael Moneo


  15. aadnesen:

    impluvium - in ancient italy and traditional senegal